Vajradhara Meaning: in Sanskrit “Vajra” translates as diamond or lightening bolt. Thus, the depiction of our Vajradhara Buddha statue is considered to be the supreme essence of all the male Buddhas. His name translates as “Ruler of the Vajra Beings”. As a result, Vajradhara is the ultimate primordial Buddha also known as “Adi” Buddha in the Kagyu and Gelug branches of Tibetan Buddhism.
“The State of Vajradhara”
In the Vajradhara Nyingma teachings Vajradhara gradually replaced Samantabhadra. Samantabhadra was the initial primordial Buddha in the ancient Nyingma school. Nonetheless, Samantabhadra and Vajradhara are transcendental equals. Therefore, achieving the “State of Vajradhara” is the equivalent of Nirvana.
“5 Dhyani Buddhas”
In Vajrayana Buddhism the 5 qualities of Vajradhara Buddha are depicted in the 5 Dhyani Buddhas also known as the “5 Wisdom Tathagatas”. They are:
Amoghasiddhi – “wisdom of perfect practice”
Amitabha – “wisdom of observation”
Vairocana – “wisdom of the essence of the dharma-realm meditation mudra”
Akshobhya – “wisdom of reflection”
Ratnasambhava – “wisdom of equanimity”
Vajradhara “Diamond” Mudra
Our Vajradhara statue is depicted sitting in full lotus pose with his hands crossed in front of his heart to form the diamond mudra. Additionally, he is holding a ghanta (bell) in his left hand and a vajra in the right. The vajra symbolizes the masculine aspect of enlightenment – skillful means, compassion or bliss. Plus, the bell symbolizes the feminine principle of wisdom. The combination of compassion and wisdom lead to enlightenment.
Furthermore, a shakti or Vajradhara consort, is sometimes depicted with the primordial Buddha in manifestation of the male – female union. However, this is a very controversial depiction because of it’s sensual nature which was not taught by Gautama Buddha.